WATER RESOURCE CHALENGES
Western part of Jakarta water service relies on the same water resources 13 years after the cooperation agreement started. Globally current water resource system is not appropriate for delivering sustainable and reliable water to Western Jakarta fast growing 5 million population; mostly because current water resource and supply transmission main features are sensitive:
- In terms of quality (subject to pollution and high turbidity during heavy rain events);
- In terms of quantity (subject to external natural events: high water, flood, drought, siltation and unforeseen circumstances like PLN disruption, and potential risks of disruption at both Curug and Cawang pumping stations).
NEED OF ALTERNATIVE FINANCING
Funding sources for major investments relating to enhancement and increase of water resource and implementation of transmission lines to the area with outstanding demand; either via co-financing through regional budget, central budget or IFIs (International Financial Institutions) and donors contributions, have to be mobilized.
MAJOR OUTSTANDING ISSUES AND CHALLENGES
Investments financed through the tariff (full Cost recovery” scheme) are much too low to cope with proper management of existing and ageing assets replacement and extension, service improvement while facing a growing water demand and enlarging service coverage. Alternative financings should be mobilized;
Fight against illegal connections and illegal uses (relying on public authority support and actions) are at stake to significantly improve Non Revenue Water (NRW) to reach less than 30% target at contract term.
MEETING WATER DEMAND
Deep well (ground water use) conversion to piped water as promoted by DKI through the new Water Tax Policy for Deep Well users, is key to mitigate city subsidence;
Mobilizing new water resources in the near future with the assistance of the regional and central governments is key to keep improving and extending the service.